What are AV1 Golden Frames?

A golden frame is a special kind of reference frame in the AV1 video codec standard. It acts as a long-term reference in the encoding process and is different from a standard reference frames that are used to define a GOP or Group of Pictures. Golden frames are more important in AV1's multi-layer reference frame hierarchy and this priority lets them remain in particularly for an extended time, occupying targeted reference frame buffers. The choice of golden frames is an important one that the encoder must make. A lot of things such as complexity of scene, distance in time of frames,...

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