Glossary

What is 1080p?

1080p is a video quality standard (one of the highest resolutions in HD video rendering) characterized by the display resolution of 1920 pixels wide by 1080 pixels tall. The term 1080p usually assumes a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, implying a horizontal (display) resolution of 1920 pixels.

1080p is also called FHD or Full HD and is classified as an HD resolution because it displays at least 720 vertical lines, meaning that horizontal resolution is displayed well above the 1920 pixels displayed vertically.

You can see this resolution being used in mediums such as mobile phones, gaming consoles, Smart TVs, browsers, and projectors that thrive off of media consumption. It also appears in video and film production as content creation. 1080p is frequently used to describe the visual clarity and crispiness of images, and the superior quality of video playback.

What is the "p" in 1080p?

The “p” in 1080p stands for progressive scanning.

By using progressive scanning, 1080p works by drawing each line of pixels on the screen one at a time consecutively. In comparison to interlaced video with older standards such as 1080i, less motion blur and flickering makes 1080p perfect for fast moving pictures like in sports broadcasts or action movies.

The benefit for the typical viewer is a smoother and clearer image.

1080p Compared To Other Resolutions

The basic standards for high-definition video quality start with 1080p, and it has good compatibility with a range of media and playing devices. 1080p offers a much better picture when compared to another kind of HD named 720p, mostly for larger screen sizes, giving a sharper image.

Even as 4K and 8K become increasingly prominent, 1080p endures because it possesses a happy medium – a mix of resolution and necessary bandwidth – that keeps it feasible and relevant for areas such as streaming over the internet, broadcast, and Blu-ray media. It’s also still a very reasonable resolution for many consumer cameras and smartphones; it strikes a solid balance of file size and visual quality.

Storage and Delivery Bandwidth Requirements of 1080p

Unfortunately, 1080p video takes up much more space (both in terms of disk space and delivery bandwidth (CDN)) than lower resolutions. This is something important to note for streaming and video production applications. However, if you want to deliver 1080p to your end-users, there are steps that can be taken to reduce operational expenditures.

To make 1080p video files smaller, you can compress them by using the right combination of video codec, compression parameters, and video codec tuning (typically done manually by adjusting the GOP size, bitrates, etc. or using AI-driven video compression).

Commonly used video codecs include H.264/AVC, HEVC, AV1, etc. These help minimize the size of a 1080p video file but maintain the video quality, which also makes the file more enjoyable and accessible on all different platforms.

The Future is Here!

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